Polycystic Ovary Syndrome (PCOS) is a common endocrine system disorder seen in women of reproductive age. The victims may have infrequent or prolonged menstrual periods or excess male hormone levels. Many cysts may appear on the ovaries of affected women and hence called Polycystic Ovary Syndrome.
ARC International Fertility and Research Centre, Chennai one among the best fertility center in Chennai provides excellent medical care for Women with infertility problems. Those who suffer from PCOS and infertility problems will get quality treatment from ARC.
- Heavy bleeding during menstrual period
- Irregular periods
- Obesity or weight gain
- Excess hair growth
- Fertility problems
- High blood pressure
- High cholesterol
The actual cause of PCOS is unknown. In certain conditions, the body produces more insulin and this extra insulin triggers the ovaries to produce more male hormones. Certain genes are also linked to PCOS. The PCOS can pave the path for diseases such as Infertility, high cholesterol, sleep apnea, liver disease, abnormal uterine bleeding, high blood pressure, obesity etc.
Most probably doctors diagnose the disease with the help of three main factors:
- High androgen levels
- Irregular menstrual cycle
- Cysts in the ovaries
Besides asking questions related to acne problems, excess hair growth, and weight gain, the doctor suggests for a pelvic exam, blood test, and ultrasound.
The doctor may recommend a low-calorie food along with excessive physical activities. Medication includes medicines that contain estrogen and progestin decrease androgen production and hence correct abnormal bleeding and excess hair production. Progestin therapy is also used.
Surgery: Surgery can be used as a method to improve fertility where other treatments do not work. Ovarian drilling of tiny holes in ovary using a laser or thin needle to restore normal ovulation is the main surgical process during PCOS surgery. Other surgical procedure includes oophorectomy, hysterectomy and cyst aspiration.
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